Exploring IoT Technology: What is it?

When talking about daily life, we cannot separate ourselves from technology. IoT (Internet of Things) may already be a part of our daily lives without us realizing it, from household appliances, cooking, transportation, and more. Let's discuss what IoT is in-depth and further below:

Internet of things(IoT)

Source: freepik.com

What is IoT?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system that interconnects computer machines, devices, humans, or anything else connected by a network without requiring interaction between humans or humans to computers.

How does IoT work?

IoT works by connecting and integrating four essential elements: sensors, connectivity, data processing, and display. IoT communicates through connectivity that enters the cloud; then, the data is processed to determine actions, such as issuing alerts or notifications.

Elements of IoT:

1. Sensor/Device

The sensor or device in IoT functions to collect data, including temperature, sound, and more. This is the first stage in IoT.

2. Connectivity

After data is collected with a sensor, the computer sends the data to the cloud using connectivity, such as Wi-Fi, internet connection, Bluetooth, or wired networks.

It's essential to choose connectivity with sufficient bandwidth as it can affect various aspects.

3. Data Processing

After data reaches the cloud, the third process is data processing, which can range from simple tasks like checking the temperature to complex tasks like facial recognition.

4. UI

Processed data is then displayed to the user with a provided interface. The output of this display is the result of the performed processes.

In the user interface, users can not only view the results but in some cases also manipulate/modify data, such as changing the temperature, increasing volume, and more.

Benefits and Advantages of IoT in Various Fields

1.Industrial

IoT is commonly used in industry, employing smart sensors and AI to make manufacturing and industrial processes more efficient. This is known as industrial Internet or Industry 4.0.

Example of IoT in the Oil and gas Industry: Virtual thermal imaging to detect pipeline issues.

2. Agriculture

IoT is also found in the agriculture industry, significantly aiding processes that require substantial raw materials and costs. This technology makes farming more economical and efficient, reducing the potential for crop failure.

Examples of IoT in Agriculture:

Smart greenhouse, agricultural drones, irrigation management, etc.

3. Household

IoT appliances are widespread in homes, from cooking processes and cleaning to security. This technology is commonly known as smart home.

Examples of IoT in Households:

Smart lock, microwave, smart lamp, etc.

4.Transportation

In the transportation industry, IoT is widely used in vehicles, for example, in the GPS capabilities of our car's head unit. IoT is prevalent in electric vehicles.

5.Health

In the healthcare industry, IoT is extensively used in laboratories, disease detection, and telemedicine, providing doctors with more accurate analyses.

Popular IoT Platforms

Berikut adalah beberapa platform populer yang dapat Anda gunakan untuk membuat IoT Anda:

1. AWS IoT Core

AWS IoT Core is a cloud service that enables smooth and secure communication between connected devices and cloud applications, as well as other devices. This service supports HTTP, WebSockets, and MQTT protocols. MQTT is a lightweight communication protocol, specifically designed to handle intermittent connections, minimize device code size, and reduce network bandwidth usage.

2. Azure IoT Central

Azure IoT Central breathes life into the Internet of Things (IoT) by connecting your devices, analyzing previously unexplored data, and seamlessly integrating with your business systems.

3.IBM Watson IoT Platform

IBM Watson IoT offers a quick launch for your Internet of Things (IoT) endeavors. As a fully managed cloud-based service, it streamlines the process of extracting value from your IoT devices. The platform encompasses vital features such as device provisioning, connection management, rapid visualization, and efficient IoT data storage.

4. Google Cloud IoT Core

Google Cloud IoT Core is a fully managed service for securely connecting and managing IoT devices, ranging from a few to millions of devices. This service collects data from connected devices and creates rich, integrated applications, seamlessly integrated with other big data services from the Google Cloud Platform.

5. SAP Leonardo Internet of Things

SAP Leonardo Internet of Things is a collection of services, applications, and UI templates that assist you in modeling a digital representation of real-world objects you want to monitor, track, or analyze.

Conclusion

IoT, short for Internet of Things, is a technology designed to streamline human life, not only in daily activities but also in the business world. By implementing or developing IoT, all tasks at home or in business can be carried out more productively, effectively, and efficiently. If your business needs improvement, investing in IoT can be a very wise step.

Blog by Avryanz Azell, 25 January 2024

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